This but it makes the statistic analyze

This descriptive research paper use survey method as its approach. Descriptive research can be described as a statement of concerns as they are at present with the writer or researcher not having control over researched variable. Moreover, descriptive research may be characterized as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be (Jackson 1999). In survey method research, participants answer questions which administered by researcher through interviews or questionnaires. After participants which in this case youth generation in Bondowoso answer the questions, researchers explain the responses given. In order for the survey to be both valid and reliable it is important that the questions are constructed properly.  Questions should be written so participants understand and easy to comprehend the question. There four designs in designing question such as, open-ended, closed-ended, partially open-ended, or rating-scale questions.

The researcher developed a questionnaire to assess young people’s attitudes and preferences concerning e-books technology versus traditional books in an effort to better inform guidelines for e-books design. The researcher first collected standard demographic data concerning age, gender, school, their reading activities average in a week. Second, during writing the question for survey of this research related to research question. The researcher uses rating-scale question and close-ended question. Open-ended questions allow the respondent or participant to give a greater variety of responses, but it makes the statistic analyze difficultly because the collected data must be coded or reduced in some manner.  Closed-ended questions which this paper uses are easy to analyze statistically. The researcher limits the responses that participants can give.  Partially open-ended is mixed design of open and closed-ended question, mean while rating-scale question is the question design which offer participants rating-scale question (Jackson, 2009, p. 89).

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

On this paper during answering the firs research question of this study. In order to know which ones is more popular to youth in reading e-books versus traditional Books. Participants were asked to rate their preference for using e-books or traditional books when reading for either leisure and in their school on a rating-scale question design. The scale explains the preference of the youth, the scale 1 is for exclusively e-book to scale 6 for exclusively traditional book.

This paper uses close-ended design in limiting the participant response for the second question research. In order to know the youth preferred features in reading e-books versus traditional books the researcher created a short list of the advantageous of e-books and traditional features such as incorporation of a search function, portability, environmental friendliness and Internet connectivity and asked participants the youth to select the feature that was most persuasive with regard to their use of e-book reading systems in e-book features. Meanwhile, in traditional books features, it offers close-ended response such as relative cost compared with e-books, the fact that they require no batteries or charging, the prospect of not losing one’s entire library because of theft or damage, the unrestricted use of traditional books in various settings.

 

1.      Result and Discussion

1.1  Demographic data.

Participants were recruited via Whatsapp mobile application focused and limited only to local youth in Bondowoso, they come from local schools, see table 1. All of the contacted respondents use Whatsapp mobile application, so it has been confirmed that all of the participants already experienced in reading e-book.

 

 

Table 1 Demographic data of youth in Bondowoso

Name

Gender

School

Age

Reading average hr/week

Mohammad Zhuhrufur R

L

MA Atqia

16

14

Salsabila

P

MA Atqia

18

9

Nadifah

P

MA Atqia

18

9

Syamirah

P

MA Atqia

17

5

Mochammad Iqbal A F

L

SMA 1 Bondowoso

18

12

Erika Krismunia

P

SMA 1 Bondowoso

18

9

Farimatuzzahra

P

SMA 1 Bondowoso

17

10

Aulia Akbar Madani

L

SMA 2 Bondowoso

18

6

Majdah Fakhiroh

P

SMA 2 Bondowoso

18

5

Arfiatus Soleha

P

SMA 2 Bondowoso

18

5

Abdurrahman Wahid

L

MTS AT-Taqwa

15

7

Rizqiatul Hasanah

P

MTS AT-Taqwa

15

6

Nurul Kholifah

P

MTS AT-Taqwa

14

5

Riska Oktavia Damayanti

P

MTS AT-Taqwa

13

6

Ahmad Ghufron

L

SMP 1 Bondowoso

14

5

Tamam Adicahya

L

SMP 1 Bondowoso

15

8

Ageng Setiawan

L

SMP 2 Bondowoso

15

9

Muhammad Nasrullah

L

SMP 2 Bondowoso

14

9

Abdul Muiz

L

SMP 3 Bondowoso

13

5

Ilham

L

SMP 3 Bondowoso

14

7

 

As mentioned above, he researcher collected data from a total of 20 participants (12 females), 10 from senior high school and the other half is from junior high school with an average age of 16 years (SD = 1,841 years). Participants reported engaging in reading for an average of 7,55 hr per week (SD = 2,499 hr).

 

1.2  Preference for e-books versus traditional books.

Participants were asked to rate their preference for using e-books or traditional books when reading for either leisure and in their school on a rating-scale question. The scale explains the preference of the youth, the scale 1 is for exclusively e-book to scale 6 for exclusively traditional book.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table 2 One sample statistic on preference on leisure and school activities

Preference

N

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

 

Leisure

20

4.1000

1.97084

.44069

 

School

20

4.4000

1.75919

.39337

 

 

 

 

 

 

From the statistics mentioned above, it can be concluded that the averages for leisure/fun activities (M = 4.10, SD = 1.970) and in their school (M = 4.40, SD = 1.759) this result that the youth generation in Bondowoso indicate a small yet pervasive preference for traditional books when reading than electronic books.

 

1.3  Preferred features in e-books versus traditional books.

The reseacher created a short list of the advantageous of e-books features such as incorporation of a search function, portability, environmental friendliness and Internet connectivity and asked participants the youth to select the feature that was most persuasive with regard to their use of e-book reading systems. As is illustrated in Figure 1, respondents or young people in Bondowoso were prefer drawn to e-readers because of their internet connectivity.

The researcher also formulated a corresponding list of features for traditional books like their relative cost compared with e-books, the fact that they require no batteries or charging, the prospect of not losing one’s entire library because of theft or damage, the unrestricted use of traditional books in various settings. Figure 2 illustrates that youth generation in Bondowoso favor traditional books because print books eliminate the threat of power loss and obviate the inconvenient need for charging facilities.

Figure 1. preferred features in e-books

Figure 2. preferred features in traditional books

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

These data are interesting because it shows that young people prefers to choses their reading devices based on how the devices prefer more information, more data or memory of reading material. The youth nowadays really understand how important information are. It proofed that how they choose internet connectivity features of e-book to search more information and kept their data safely by choose no total lose in traditional books features.

Surprisingly There were no significant main effects of relative cost which inexpensiveness compared to e-books prices to make youth prefer traditional books than e-books. These results suggest that youth consumers perceive e-books to be similarly economical compared with traditional books, despite the issues surrounding the expense, nowadays youth understand that information and knowledge is priceless compared to money.

Youth prefer to choose traditional book in terms of power or no battery requirements when compared than e-book. Moreover, as an example case, if they were to take their mobile e-book on a long journey, they need to maximize the amount of reading material such as storage capacity. E-books also has a risk to loss power and connectivity in long or alienate journey.

Based on this close-ended question design. E-books therefore seem to have the relative upper hand in fulfilling nowadays youth needs because technology always improve each year to cover their weaknesses like power or connectivity. However, based on table 2, e-book does not appear to be main preferred devices for youth, perhaps because some of them are distracted by the novelty of ascendant e-book technology, like media social, game, etc.

 

2.      Conclusion

In general, this descriptive research result revealed that youth generation in Bondowoso a bit prefers more in using printed text or traditional book in their daily or school reading activities. Even though electronic books perceived as easier to use, have more featured, and more immersive than traditional book. Patricia Greenfield (2009) has observed that while video games video games, television and the internet may foster visual intelligence of reader, “the cost seems to be deep processing: mindful knowledge acquisition, inductive analysis, critical thinking, imagination, and reflection.” However, the ultimate decision as to whether to make use of e-book technology lies with the inclination of the youth reader. The advantages and disadvantages of various issues we have presented are disproportionately desirable and tolerable to each individual user. Some of them prefer to use traditional book than e-book perhaps because of the distraction of the technologies.

 

3.      Further Research

We all know that Digital technology is still in its relative infancy. It can be an incredibly useful educational tool, but we need much more research before we can draw firm conclusions about its positive and negative features. In the case of reading, our first task is to make ourselves aware of the effect technology potentially has on how we wrap our minds around the written word when encountered in print versus onscreen. Our second task is to embed that understanding in our larger thinking about the role of writing as a means of communicating and thinking. An interesting question for future research is to know the effectiveness or usefulness e-reader vs traditional book. It would also be interesting to study how the other multimodal digital literacies possibilities such as the youth preference in visual novel, graphic novel, audio novel would, how these multimodal literacy devices affect youth reading style effectiveness.

x

Hi!
I'm James!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out