The the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), as

The human rights situation in Iraq, according to the Human Rights Watch, is deplorable. All conflicting parties have been reported of questionable, if not incriminating, conduct involving possible human rights violations.
The US-led coalition forces are alleged to have violated international and internal standards of conduct in numerous isolated incidents, the Iraq prison abuse scandal one of the most notable among them. It is noteworthy that although compensations are in most cases provided to victims, there is an apparent lack of prosecution of coalition soldiers and officers involved in these incidents.
Sectarian-conflict-wise, both Sunnis and Shiites have engaged in actions such as bombings in civilian areas and assassination of officials. Sunnis have been accused by a number of human rights organizations to have systematically kidnapped, tortured and killed Shiites.
Terrorist groups have organized numerous bombings of civilian areas that caused heavy casualties, including the 2003 bombing of the UN headquarters in Baghdad that killed the then UN High Commissioner for Human Rights among 22 UN staff members. They also have captured diplomats, intelligence officers and ordinary civilians, and broadcast audio and video recordings of their killing—in most cases, beheading.
In an attempt to uproot Arab communities, peshmerga forces from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG), as well as Kurdish militias, have demolished thousands of Arabian homes in the semi-autonomous region. Tens of thousands of Arab civilians have been forcefully displaced and forbidden from returning to their homes.
Human rights of ethnic and religious minorities are also constantly threatened, especially in northern Iraq. As was reported by Human Rights Watch, Kurdish leaders consider minorities as Kurds and attempt to impose on them a Kurdish identity. Civilians rejecting such an identity would be treated harshly, while politicians who have openly opposed Kurdish rule over minority communities are threatened with assassination attempts. “On Vulnerable Ground”. 10 November 2009.
The Iraqi refugee count has been steadily on the rise since the 2003 invasion, and is currently the largest in the Middle East. Fagan, P.W (2009). “Iraqi Refugees: Seeking Stability in Syria and Jordan”. Institute for the Study of International Migration. The number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Iraq is especially significant. As of April 2017, the number of IDPs in Iraq was estimated to be around 3 million. These persons struggle in accessing basic staples, proper sanitation, education, and health care.


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