The Revolution, and others believe that it

The connection made
between the Enlightenment and French Revolution compared to Candide is relevant because it discusses
how religious beliefs were critique, how the social contract played a role in
society, and how human rights came about with laws and writers. This issue is
controversial because while some believe that the Enlightenment caused the
French Revolution, and others believe that it may have affected the French
Revolution. My opinion on the issue is that The French
Revolution aspired to and achieved a government and society based on ideals of
the Enlightenment. I strongly believe this because of religion, the
social contract, and human rights.

The
class and society during the French Revolution were made of Third Estates,
clergy, and nobility. The population was mainly composed of the Third Estate,
and the clergy and nobility (5%), and also the commoners. The Estates
General was made which consist of the Third Estates before making any
changes or forming a constitution.  King Louis the 14th left the
meeting and locked their meeting place. Therefore, they named themselves “National
Assembly.” The Tennis of Oath was another location for their conference, and
they made a swore, “never to separate and to meet wherever the circumstances might
require until we have established a sound and just constitution.”  The
National Assembly wrote a document called The Declaration of the
Rights of Man. This document reminded the people of their rights and duties by
stating their freedoms in its Articles. However, these rights were slowly taken
away from the people as the Revolution progressed. According to the novel by
Voltaire, “Candide was able to bear no more, begged as a favor they would be so
good as to shoot him” (page 4). This shows the mistreatment was either
imprisoning citizens or using guillotine to cut their heads off. in France, and
the King was abusing his power.

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The Law of Suspects is a
law that was made during the French Revolution on September 17, 1793. This law
authorized that you could try people who were suspected of treason, and the
punishment of those convicted would be death. The Law of Suspect stripped
people’s freedom and rights who refused to partake in the Revolution. Enlightenment
thinkers during this time questioned authority and embraced the idea that
humanity can be improved through change. The quote stated by John Locke, “Reason
and knowledge are derived from experience (Mason 18–19.) John Locke was
an Enlightenment thinker who had ideas and endorsed a better society, and a
relationship between people and the government.  Voltaire not only fought against injustice of
public support, liberty, and intolerance. He also assumed that sophisticated
kings should expenditure their authority to promote reform.  But, he was advocated “Freedom of Speech.”
During the French Revolution, freedom of speech was annulled.

 

Religion during the French Revolution was a destroyed due to corruption.
 The churches lost their power and
religious worship wasn’t favored by people. The religious orders were suppressed;
priest were executed as well. and According to Candide, “Thou dost not deserve to eat,” said the other.
“Begone, rogue; begone, wretch; do not come near me again” (pages 3.8-11).
This quote is about Candide
somehow ended up in Holland, a Christian country. He had no food or work, so he
asked one of the citizens for some bread. After Candide did not confess that
the pope was the antichrist, the minister shouted at Candide, which resulting
in the minister refusing to give him any food.
There was this “religion vs. reason.” 
The scientists believed there was no God, and alleged reason and logic
should lead people instead of religion. Some people started to question the
religion because they did not have physical evidence of why bad thing
were happening/the French revolution happens, and
why things were just the way they are. They rely on words, and not on nature,
the world was highly validated by science instead of religion. The reign of
Terror began and Robespierre created a new religion called ” Cult of Reason.” The
purpose of this was dechristainization. A new calendar was made so people could
not remember the last day of the week, and priest from revoked as well as force
to marry. During the Enlightenment, there
were writers and philosophers such as Voltaire himself who criticized religious
beliefs in his novel, he added a particular character who was an Anabaptist. James
expressed kindness, although the Anabaptist during the 18th century
was not highly favored and some ended up victimized for their religious principles. 

            What
is social contract? Social contract was created by an Enlightenment thinker
name Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The purpose of this document is protect people’s
rights, and favored government with limited powers. Civil society plays a role
in the French Revolution and Candide. Civil
Society is made up of a group of people living together in a community and
the4y share an interest together. Voltaire thought it would be best if people
go live their lives like normal in small communities. The quote in Candide by
Voltaire, “That is well said, but we must
cultivate our garden” (pp 87) This quote is saying that everything in society
can be seamless. The society can go back to natural surroundings and live where
there’s a farm. Rousseau also discuss civil society and general will. He uses
the term “sovereign” to refer to absolute power. The people were allowed to be
their own govern, and do as they please and create their own laws.  This way people that participate in the
“social contract” have their own harmony, fortification, and land of
goods.  Voltaire and Rousseau shared
similar traits when it comes to justice and liberty. They both wanted to make
social changes and critique society. 

                The reasons to
believe the Enlightenment had a negative impact on French Revolution have been
discounted again and again by experts. The evidence in support of my opinion on
the issue is that The French Revolution desired to and attained a
government and society based on standards of the Enlightenment. I strongly
believe this because of religion, the social contract, and human rights is
stronger than the refutations of naysayers.

 

 

 

           

 

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