The a full report outlining the causes

The Bp Deepwater Horizon accident was a problem associated with both faulty process safety culture. The disaster that took place could have been prevented if BP had been committed to safety first. A commission of seven-member published a full report outlining the causes of the blow-out on January 11, 2011. This blow-out killed 11 men and leaked 4.9 million barrels of oil into the Gulf. Bob Graham, commission co-chairman, stated that the incident would not have happened if the government regulators had held BP responsible for world-class safety standards. His findings were critical to the civil lawsuit filed by the United States Justice Department against Transocean, BP, and other companies involved in the spill. Graham demanded that the shareholders held accountable for damages to the environment, and hundreds of lawsuits filed by Gulf residents who lost their livelihoods due to the BP neglect. However, the explosion ignited the gas connecting the well through the 5,000 ft riser pipe of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig. It was confirmed by another investigation. The hazard went undetected for several vital moments. The reports also identified a series of violation that made the blow-out unavoidable. It confirmed that what lead to the explosion was a faulty cementing job conducted by Halliburton at the bottom of the well.  The report acknowledged that BP failed to exercise sufficient oversight over the cementing job, and misread a pressure test that notated the well had not been properly sealed. There was nothing to suggest that BP’s engineering team conducted a formal safety test based on the evidence. They neglected to follow legal safety measures when analyzing the overall impact of the risk factors for a successful cement job. BP was also criticized for choosing a long string well design. The crew neglected to replace heavy drilling mud in the riser pipe with lighter seawater before the well was properly sealed. Transocean also came in for criticism for failing to communicate to its crew the risks of deepwater drilling even after near-miss only months earlier pertaining to safety. BP’s cost-cutting measures cut into their plant maintenance, training, investment in new and safer equipment. Its long record of safety violations and environmental accidents caused the life of innocent people.

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