Problem:Clean of the major problems faced bythe

Problem:Clean Water Scarcity in India. It is because of lack of increased corporate privatization,industrial and human waste.Reasons:Water Pollution is one of the significant issues looked by the mankind. Water is a basic need thatmust be provided to all the citizens of the nation. Numerous regions of the world areencountering progressively extreme water shortage. Later thinks about by the International WaterAdministration Institute (IWMI) demonstrate that approximately 33% of the number ofinhabitants in creating nations lives in areas that have an outright water shortage, as in they don'thave adequate water assets to meet they are agricultural, domestic, industrial and environmentalneeds in the year 2025. (Seckler 1999, p. 3)The Ground Water PotentialIndia has 17% of world’s population, but only 4% of the world freshwater resources. Also, waterdIntroductionWater Scarcity is one of the major problems faced bythe human kind. The Earth is 75% cover with water,yet still there is not enough water available fordrinking to the people. One billion people on earthare without reliable supplies of water, and more than2 billion people lack basic water supply (Gro HarlemBrundtland, 2011, P-3).Increasing water demandAgriculture accounts for more than two-thirds of global water use, including as much as 90 percent indeveloping countries (Jason Morrison, 2009). The increase in the population has led to increase in thewater consumption. Due to this the amount of fresh water is decreasing day by day. The populationincrease has also increased the food demand. Freshwater consumption worldwide has more thandoubled since World War II and is expected to rise another 25 percent by 2030. Much of the growth isthe result of expected increases in the world population from 6.6 billion currently to about 8 billion by2030 and over 9 billion by 2050 (Daniel W., Carl-Johan F., Pierin M., 2007). Increase water demand foragriculture, primarily for irrigation, due to prolonged dry periods and severe drought. Some researchestimates an over 40 percent increase in irrigated land by 2050 (Günther F., Francesco N., and David A.,2007).Unsustainable water supplyWater is already declining in all parts of world. More than one-third of the world’s population – roughly2.4 billion people – live in water-stressed countries and by 2025 the number is expected to rise to two-thirds (UN-FAO, 2009). In developing countries like India, farmers are now using nearly 80 percent of thecountry’s available water, largely from groundwater wells; at current rates, the World Bank estimatesthat India will have exhausted available water supplies by 2050 (Gleick, P. 2007).Improper water qualityDue to industrialization and urbanisation more and more water is getting polluted. The industrial anddomestic waste is dispose directly in the river or large lakes which reduces the quality of pure water.Rising water demand and the lack of adequate sanitation facilities are key reasons why almost 900million people worldwide lack access to safe drinking water and up to five million people die each yearfrom water-related illness and It is estimated that by 2030 the risk of diarrhea will be up to 10 percenthigher in some countries due to climate change (A.J. McMichael, 2013).


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