Plagiarism in schools today is a very
common form of cheating but sometimes hard to catch. With many different ways
of plagiarizing professors and teachers are being extra cautious when it comes
to grading. Many if not all accredited schools have a campus wide available document
they call their honor code. Students are expected to know what their schools
honor code is and how to follow it. For the students that do not follow the honor
code by plagiarizing they face dire consequences.
There are five major types of plagiarism.
One type of plagiarism is word to word plagiarism. This consists of starting
out a sentence with new words the copying the rest of a sentence to make it
look like a new idea. Paraphrasing is more of a difficult type of plagiarism to
understand. Paraphrasing is when a writer takes a paragraph and rewords it and
keeps the same meaning. This type is when someone steals ideas from another
writer. Mosaic plagiarism is one of the smarter ways to cheat if someone is
trying to not get caught. When writing a paper and using mosaic plagiarism a
person simple copies words or phrases and scatters them around the paper. This
makes it look like its an original work but it is simply stolen. Patchwork plagiarism
is similar to mosaic but it is slightly different. Patchwork is when a writer
just copies pieces and parts of another writer’s work and puts it in their own paper
without giving any credit to the author (dopessays, 2017). The last type of plagiarism
is unintentional or accidental. This happens merely when a person forgets to
site or misuses quotation marks (Bowdoin University, n.d.). Even though
unintentional plagiarism is accidental, there are still consequences the student
From school to school each academic institution
handles cheating and plagiarism differently. When in comes to punishing a
student for plagiarism the ramifications are not taken lightly. A few examples
of consequences are failure of the assignment, failure in the course, a lower
grade in the course, academic probation and even dismissal from the institution
(Bowdoin University, n.d.). Do not take
lightly the act of plagiarism in any way, shape, or form. What many students do
not realize is that plagiarism is stealing.
What they are doing when they are plagiarizing is, they are stealing
words, stealing research and they are stealing ideas from prior writers. What
may have taken a student 30 seconds to copy and paste to their paper, may have
taken weeks to research by the original author.
A common attitude when it comes to the conversation
of plagiarism among students is that they are not really sure what it is (Lang,
J. 2015). Students are confused about paraphrasing which is an extremely hard
concept for young academia to understand. They are confused about what
information is considered common knowledge versus needing to be sited (Lang, J.
2015). Obviously this attitude is what leads in accidental plagiarism but what about
intentional plagiarism? When students are in high school they tend to cheat
more on tests and homework but when the student shifts into college, plagiarism
is the most common form of cheating. Even into graduate school, professors are
still seeing a very large amount plagiarism (Lang, J. 2015).
According to a Pew Research Study preformed
in 2011, cyber plagiarism is at an all time high (Kelly, T. 2011). Alarming
numbers on plagiarism were found. 55% of college presidents reported that over
the past 10 years’ plagiarism has increased in students’ papers (Kelly, T.
2011). The cause for this seems to lead straight to the internet. Sources are
right at the fingertips of students and the temptation for plagiarism is higher
than it has ever been. Another study was conducter by Rutgers University and it
found that out of the 16000 student in the study 66% of the students admitted to
cheating at least once. Out of that number 12% reported that they regularly
cheat. So according to the study 7 out of 10 students cheat and one of those students
cheats all the time (Check for plagiarism, n.d.).