Official? ?Name: ? ?Canada? ?was? ?officially? ?adopted? ?for? ?the? ?new? ?Dominion,? ?which? ?was? ?commonly? ?referred? ?to? ?as? ?the ? Dominion? ? of? ? Canada? ? until? ? after? ? World? ? War? ? II? .? Demographics: The main languages of Canada is English and French. The Canada 2016 Census had a total population count of 35,151,728 individuals, making up approximately 0.5% of the world’s total population.Christianity is the largest religion in Canada, with the Roman Catholics having the most adherents.Christians, representing 67.3% of the population, are followed by people having no religion with 23.9% of the total population. Islam is the second largest religion in Canada, practised ? by? ? 3.2? % ? of? ? the? ? population.? Government: Federal Parliamentary Democracy and Constitutional Monarchy. Canada is a federation, which means powers are shared between federal and provincial governments. Justin Trudeau is the Prime minister of Canada and Elizabeth II is the Monarch of Canada. The decision making bodies include; the Priorities Committee, the Treasury Board and the Legislation Committee. Cabinet also has four standing committees, which are charged primarily with coordinating government activities — mainly those taken by Ministers in their respective sectors; Cabinet Committee on Regional and Territorial Affairs, Cabinet Committee on Education and Culture, Cabinet? ?Committee? ?on? ?Employment? ?and? ?Economic? ?Development? ?and? ?Cabinet? ?Committee? ?on Social ? Development.? ? ? Economics: The annual GDP of Canada is 1.53 trillion USD in 2016. The economy of Canada is a highly? developed ?mixed economy with 10? th largest GDP by nominal and 17? th largest GDP by PPP in the world. Canada is one of the world’s wealthiest nations with high standard? of living and quality of life?. The United Kingdom was by far Canada’s largest trading partner, America, Mexico and China are also large trading partners of Canada. Major exports partner of Canada are United States 76.2%, European Union 7.7%, China 4.1%, Japan 2.1%, Mexico 1.5%, Other 8.4%. Canada imported a total of $416.6 billion in 2016. Major contributors to Canada’s economy? ?are? ?oil,? ?gas,? ?energy,? ?tourism,? ?and? ?manufacturing. Infrastructure: Communication in Canada includes; radio , phone and computer networks. Due to Canada’s large size, people often travel between major cities by airplane. In coastal areas of Canada such as British Columbia and the Atlantic region, ferry boats are a common way to travel. Canada also has public transport that includes bus train, subway, light-rail trains and streetcars (trams). Canada is surrounded on three sides by the Pacific, Arctic and Atlantic oceans and has over 243,000 km of coastline. This, combined with the characteristics of Canada’s topography and climate,? ?results? ?in? ?abundant? ?freshwater? ?resources. Culture: Hockey and lacrosse are known to be national sports of Canada. The most popular sport in Canada is Golf. Other popular sports include swimming, soccer, basketball, baseball and volleyball. Canada is widely known for its hockey, maple syrup, and brutally cold winters. Festivals of Canada includes; The Vancouver Celebration of Light, The Calgary Stampede, Edmonton Folk Festival, Toronto International Film Festival, Winterlude? and Canada? Day Celebrations?. National foods of canada are ?Nanaimo bar?, Poutine?,? ?Butter tarts?, ?Kraft Dinner?, Tourtière Geography: Canada is a country in the northern part of North? America.? Its ten? provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest? country by total area and the fourth-largest? country by land area.? The country is bordered by Alaska (USA) in west, and by 12 US states of the continental United States in south, Canada shares maritime borders with Greenland (an autonomous territory of Denmark) and Saint Pierre and Miquelon, an island which belongs to France. Canada has some geographical traits like Appalachian Mountains, Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Lowlands, Canadian Shield, Canadian Interior? ?Plains,? ?Western? ?Cordillera,? ?Volcanoes,? ?Canadian? ?Arctic,? ?Rivers. The? ?question ? on? ? Genetically? ? Modified?? foods? ? (? topic1): Canada has become the first country where a genetically modified animal is sold for human consumption, and Canadians may have unwittingly been eating it over the past year. A US company has sold nearly five tons of genetically-engineered Atlantic salmon fillets in Canada, marking the world’s first sale of GM fish for human consumption. Skeptics of the futuristic food are crying foul, citing ecological and health concerns, but government? ?scientists? ?say? folks?? ?eating ??the? ?modified? ?fish? ?have? ?nothing? ?to? ?worry? about.? In Canada, GMOs used either as food or animal feed must be approved before entering the market. The approval process is based on numerous regulations that are enforced by Health Canada for foods, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for seeds and livestock feed, and Environment Canada “for new substances intended for environmental release.” Approvals for GMOs are required for both locally produced and imported products. As of 2012, over eighty-one genetically modified foods had been approved by CFIA. It is a seven to ten year process to research, develop, test and assess the safety of a new GM food. Manufacturers and importers who wish to sell or advertise a GM food in Canada, must submit data to Health Canada for a pre-market safety assessment, as required under Division 28 of Part B of the Food and Drugs Regulations (Novel Foods). This safety assessment provides assurance that the food is safe when prepared or consumed? ?according? ?to? ?its? ?intended? ?use. The? ?question? ?on? ?Transplant ? Trafficking?? (? topic ? 2)? ? 😕 Canada is among the top ten of global importer of organs. According to the UN, such practices have increased exponentially in recent decades with the growing demand for live-donor organ transplants.These statistics illustrate the desperation that entices many Canadian? ?patients? ?to? ?turn? ?to? ?transplant? ?tourism. Canadians desperate for organ transplants are travelling overseas for black market organs, but doctors back home warn that they could be putting their lives at risk.Driven by a shortage in Canada of living organs, particularly kidneys, patients are turning to the illegal organ trade in countries like India, Pakistan and the Philippines.These practices are not subject to regulatory oversight by a legislatively empowered organization and as such may? ?expose? ?patients? ?and? ?donors? ?to? ?significant? ?risk. Transplant tourism, organ trafficking, and commercialization are illegal activities in Canada. Despite these laws, there is an international market that transplants organs from vendors, prisoners, or other vulnerable groups to recipients for money. Canada gives recommendations for pretransplant counseling, provides guidance regarding the pretransplant evaluation of transplant candidates, and summarizes healthcare provider obligations? ?for? ?posttransplant? ?care.