Mathematics and the works of Leonardo DaVinci Essay

Leonardo DaVinci was born on April 15, 1452 in a small town some kilometers west of Florence. He was an illegitimate son of a noble man. He was a great Italian painter and a scientist. He has developed interest in mathematics from his childhood which made him one of the most influential men in the field of mathematics and other subjects.

He applied his knowledge in mathematics into most of his work of which some of the mathematical knowledge and works are stated below.

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He used his experience on the linear perspective which is the act of making a 3-D object or an act of creating a volume of space on a level flat surface. This was evident in the Last Supper, Mona Lisa, and many more. He paid more attention to proportions by applying his fore- knowledge on how to space and organize characters in his paintings, how to create a perfect coherence and continuity between the background and the lettering of his works. It was said that his work: Last Supper was constructed on 12:6:4:3 proportion (Richard 1999).

He made use of geometry in some of his works for paragon which he wrote between 1500 and 1505 in which he quoted some principles of geometry. Geometry was also used in his work: Virgin of the Rock, in which he arranged four characters; Baby Jesus, Mary, an Angel, and the infant John the Baptist, in a triangle-like manner (Richard 1999). He contributed to the making and finishing of De divina propotione by using his knowledge on polyhedral with many great men of his time.

He made use of the golden rectangle ratio, (an exclusive shape in mathematics, which is length divided by width approximately equal to 1.6 i.e. golden ratio=length/width?1.6) this can be seen in Mona Lisa if a rectangle is drawn around Mona Lisa’s face.

                                                  References

Math & Art: The Golden Rectangle (2001): http://educ.queensu.ca/~fmc/october2001/GoldenArt.htm Retrieval date July 8, 2008

Richard Magee (1999) Leonardo Da Vinci: Mathematical Order in Art,

http://www.facstaff.bucknell.edu/udaepp/090/w2/Magee.htm. Retrieval date July 8, 2008

Leonardo DaVinci Math (2008): http://www.leonardo-da-vinci-biography.com/leonardo-da-vinci-maths.html. Retrieval date July 8, 2008.

 

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