Macbeth Essay

Macbeth is a Shakespearean tragedy which follows the protagonist Macbeth as he plots to kill the king of Scotland and to become king himself, after hearing a prophecy from three witches. It follows Macbeth’s journey of betrayal, guilt, and murder, until his final downfall. This scene details Macbeth’s first soliloquy, in which he decides not to follow through with their plan of regicide, and the remainder of the scene consists of his wife, Lady Macbeth, arguing with him to change his mind.

Lady Macbeth uses emotive language in contrast to he husband’s logically thought out reasoning, and appeals to his sense of honour in his own masculinity by insulting it. Before Lady Macbeth enters the scene, Macbeth decides against the plan of regicide during his soliloquy. His reasons for deciding against committing the act include reasons spurred by guilt, such as that Duncan is not only a great king, of whom Macbeth is supposedly a loyal subject, but a guest in Macbeth’s house, and Macbeth’s cousin, therefore it would be wrong to kill him.

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He also considers the justice of the act, as Duncan is a good man and loved by the people. Not only does Duncan do a good job leading the country, but his people would be outraged, weeping for Duncan’s death and not resting until the murderer was found. This brings Macbeth to his next reason against killing Duncan; fear for himself. Macbeth worries that he will be found out, reasoning that, even if he escapes punishment on earth, he may risk the afterlife, or punishment from the gods. Macbeth also worries about his own safety when he is king, fearing that he may meet the same fate as Duncan.

Also, as he is already looked upon favourably by the lords of Scotland for his valour and courage, he is unwilling to risk his good name. He concludes his soliloquy, having reached his decision, saying “I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition”. All of Macbeth’s arguments are clearly thought out and logical. Lady Macbeth manages to sway Macbeth in his decision by using emotive arguments to counter his logic. Her passionate outbursts defeat Macbeth, who seems to be somewhat frightened of his wife, for his solid arguments seem to disintegrate as Lady Macbeth disputes.

Her subtle transitions from outrage and aggression to cajoling him and understating the act create the perfect persuasion, and the strong use of emotive language and personification renders Macbeth incapable of reasoning logically. “Was the hope drunk… and wakes it now, to look so green and pale at what it did so freely? ” Lady Macbeth demands, showcasing her talent for creating images which Macbeth, and the audience along with him, can not help but see substance beneath.

In this statement, Lady Macbeth questions if Macbeth regarded his decision to kill the king as a drunken mistake, while also referring to the hope which she and her husband harboured of becoming rulers. Using this strength of argument, she is able to override her husband’s earlier decision and convince him to kill Duncan. This is a way in which she shows her authority over Macbeth. The contrast of gender roles in Macbeth is highlighted when Lady Macbeth questions her husband’s masculinity. Her scornful accusation that Macbeth is not a man displays the importance of masculine traits to males in this time.

Lady Macbeth tries to diminish Macbeth’s power by undermining his authority as a man. She mocks and insults his lack of courage, challenging him; “when you durst do it, then you were a man”. By this statement, Lady Macbeth is implying that until he kills Duncan, Macbeth forfeits the rights of being a man, as she feels a coward is in no way a man. In contrast to Macbeth’s lack of courage, Lady Macbeth displays some masculine traits during this scene. She is forceful and aggressive, and takes control over the situation.

She shows no sign of mercy or regret for what she is about to take part in, and it is clear that she hold the authority. This would have been threatening to Macbeth, as the dominant role should have been his, as the husband. This could have contributed to Macbeth’s change of heart; him wanting to prove that he was capable. Lady Macbeth showcased many techniques of convincing Macbeth to commit regicide during this scene. Her use of emotive language, personification, imagery, mockery, and insults to Macbeth’s masculinity all contributed in changing his mind, and therefore deciding the outcome of the play.

The sense of humanity in general Essay

Is Macbeth a moral play? Morality play is one human life. The usual subject of it, is about saving the human soul. The central figure is man in the sense of humanity in general. Morality play contains the forces of good and evil that are engaged in a struggle for the soul of an individual. It spoke to medieval mans anxiety about being prepared for death or dying well. Many of Shakespearean plays seem to have ,through accidentally, a moral significance. This plays appear to preach a moral lesson , evil suffers and good triumphs .

The story in MACBETH runs through the narration of evil deeds of the inevitable retribution that follows those evil deeds. But many critics say that Shakespeare diverges from the morality tradition in Macbeth . He is not giving any moral lesson in here but emphasis sympathetically the human fertilities which often tend to lead man to tragic circumstances. The initial stages of the play set Macbeth up as a brave and noble character The exposition upon Machete’s valor and the kings presentation of the thane ship of chowder to Macbeth heighten the audience’s awareness of his truly noble character.

This sets the stage that is established in every retreat tragedy. A brave and noble character is introduced who should, through some fault of character or error of Judgment, fall from his noble state into disgrace. So Macbeth is, both by expectation and by meaner of expositions, set up as a classical tragedy. Great tragedies often end on a note of optimism by showing the victory of good along with the defeat of the evil. The victory of Malcolm army over Machete’s forces is a product of such optimism. With Malcolm victory Scotland is restored to it’s original and the good and virtuous are assured of their rewards.

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But while a tragic ere suffers from a flaw within himself, a personal and self oriented error which is purely the fault of his character. Macbeth is the victim of an external force and the force is his fate. Macbeth and his wife may indeed be taken as symbols of evil and the rest as those of goodness. For example, Duncan is the representation of virtue and innocence. Although his ambition and superstition banquet is the symbol of honesty and self restraint. Banquet ghost signifies the ultimate superiority of virtue over vice. His son Balance who escaped from the killers is also the goodness.

Macbeth ,the evil cannot get rid of Balance. Macadam is like the Shakespearean idea of ideal king. The morality play ends with the damnation of the main character. Shakespeare makes him pay dearly for all the crimes he has committed. Macbeth loses respect, suffers the agony of his beloved wife’s death, becomes a nervous wreck and faces the pain of self damnation. Among all the Shakespearean tragedies Macbeth creates the most ambiguous emotive reaction. It is Machete’s character and his morality in conjunction with plays emphasis on fate that cause the dichotomy teen Macbeth as a tragedy and as a morality play.

The internal battle between good and evil over the fate of the soul, is the central theme of most of the morality plays. But Macbeth is different and its success implied into Shakespearean true to life portrayal of human character . Every individual has both good and bad elements and one often approaches a tragic end because of the flaw of the character. Ambition or overwhelming Diana love Tort someone cannot Nell to Intervene redemption. So Macbeth is not a morality play but a moral which illustrated in some gradual tragic actions.

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