Keyana stereotypes have on young adolescents? Gender

Keyana Wilson01/26/2018PeriodAHonors PsychMs. CassidyA current topic that I am interested in, is finding out what impact does  gender role stereotypes have on young adolescents? Gender roles are social rules consisting of behaviors and attitudes that are to be considered appropriate and acceptable based on your sex or sexuality. They are formed based on society’s- view of how a certain sex should behave or be treated based on their gender. Gender intensification comes from the increased pressure to conform and follow these roles. This topic is significant to me because parents and society need to know the consequences of forcing gender roles on someone that is in a transitional stage of life and how that can affect one’s view of self-identity, behavior, and experiences through life. The creation of roles based on your gender limits ones choice to explore themselves and experience life to the fullest creating further identity issues. Increased pressure for adolescents to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles could lead to the development of gender difference and mental health issues. Simple roles could lead to one being confused and questioning is the behaviors they possess are normal or abnormal forcing a change in physical appearance, esteem level, and conscious level. When you are in the stage of physical and mental growth wanting to abide by expectations and norms is highly likely because you don’t want to be seen as different but only want to fit in. This does not mean that it is okay, how you express your gender should be up to you and you should not be held up to different standards because of it. You should not have to be ashamed of how you dress or how you act because someone else sees it as unusual. Those who see your actions as unusual should expand their views and limit their judgment.                       Literature ReviewGender intensification and gender trendsThe following reading critiques recent trends in research and theory on the role of gender in adolescent development. It reviews gender typing, stereotypes and gender identity in adolescents connecting back to the topic of the creation of gender differentiation. While describing the things above and how they relate to Hill and Lych’s gender intensification hypothesis theory. This theory states how that “beginning in adolescence girls and boys face increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles”.  It then goes into how the pressure derives from a variety and different origins such as our parents, peers, and media.Gender StereotypesThis source focuses on the gender stereotypes that society has made up in order to put male and females in different categories determining their abilities and thinking. It implies that we implement gender roles and stereotypes as soon as we find out our child’s gender by the choice of color we use to decorate their rooms. Most importantly it lists the most debated gender stereotypes debated by most feminist. These include the following?  The best women are staying at home moms           ?Women do not have technical skills and are not good at “hands-on” projects such as car repairs ?Women are quieter than men and not meant to speak out ? Women are not as strong as men          The source also includes male stereotypes since this is not subject to just one gender but both genders have stereotypes that society expects them to follow such as ?? Men are not nurses, they are doctor ??Men do not do housework and they are not responsible for taking care of children ?? Men do not cook, sew, or do craftsThree gender constructsTh study examines the three types of gender constructs that are quite relevant to understanding gender individual differences in gender differentiation. Gender Typing: the process by which a child becomes aware of their gender and thus behaves accordingly by adopting values and attributes of members of the sex that they identify as their own.Gender stereotypes: Ideas based on one gender determining how they will act and what they are capable of. Identifies certain characteristics as belonging to a specific sexGender Identity: How someone expresses his or her identity and gender personally. It could correlate to their assigned sex they are given at birth or differ from it.THEORIES OF GENDER DIFFERENTIATIONThis part of the article identifies that there are many influences on gender differentiation and three consists of social, biological and social influences. Social influences consist of the media, family, peer group and other outside influences that could affect your view of gender and its portrayal. Also includes others reactions to gender in school and explains how that could be an impact on your identity and who you think you are. The other influence is biological. It explains the early occurring biological factors, genes and prenatal hormones and how they affect gender differentiation in adolescence. The report points out that several aspects of gender typing are heritable. The last influence listed was cognitive influences. Certain contextual cues within this influence such as  peer provocation, relationship and  threat trigger different social information processing by males and femalesAdolescent developmentThe text points out how adolescence is one of the most rapid phases of human development that we know of. The certain characteristics of an adolescent individual and the environment influence the changes that take place. It is pointed that younger adolescents are particularly more vulnerable because their capacities are still developing as they are beginning to move outside the confine of their life and family. To contribute positively, adults need to understand the processes taking place during adolescence and not try to change the process course by making every decision for the child. MethodologyThe question that i wanted to test/study was what impact does gender role stereotypes have on adolescents. To answer this i wanted to first ask the individuals what they know about gender and gender stereotypes. I then want to do a social experiment that consist of 25 random individuals ages ranging from ages 12-18 the age of adolescents that are still growing physically and mentally. My 25 individuals would be both females and males. I would then ask the individual to answer each question i ask them as the opposite gender they are. This means thpse who identify as male would answer in a woman’s perspective and vice versa. Some of the questions i would ask would be the following..Whose job is it to clean and cook in a household?Which gender wears a skirt or dress?Who is more vulnerable?Who should be the provider?Should women work?Whose fault is it when a husband hits his wife?Should women be allowed in leadership positions?Who wears makeup?What colors are feminine and masculine?After each question i would ask why they responded with the answer they gave and where they got their answer from such as the influences and record their reasoning. In the end i would ask each individual to return to their gender and answer the same question and give an explanation. If the answer and reasoning is different than they answered before i would ask their input on why the responses are different and how it makes them feel. After the experiment i would know how adolescents respond to gender stereotypes that they create from the opposite gender and what impact it has on their emotion and behavior being observed the whole time certain little things as tone and facial expressions would be taken into account and their response to the final question does this affect you would give me input on if this topic even matters. This social experiment would focus more on how gender role stereotypes affect adolescents behavior and emotions. The independent variable would be the list of questions being asked.Citations pagePriess, H. A., Lindberg, S. M., & Hyde, J. S. (2009). Adolescent Gender-Role Identity and Mental Health: Gender Intensification Revisited. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4244905/#R24Brewer, H. (n.d.). List of Gender Stereotypes. Retrieved January 26, 2018, from http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/15910/1/List-of-Gender-Stereotypes.htmlPsychologyPerry, D. G., & Pauletti, R. E. (n.d.). Gender and Adolescent Development. Retrieved January 26, 18, from http://library.pcw.gov.ph/sites/default/files/gender%20and%20adolescent%20development.pdfJOURNAL OF RESEARCH ON ADOLESCENCE, 21(1), 61 – 74Gender Roles and Adolescents -. (2015, February 09). Retrieved January 27, 2018, from http://www.mamft.org/gender-roles-adolescents/

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