Evan NationsProfessor LeeWRLD 21314 January 2018Written Assignment 1.5.3 Throughout The Epic of Gilgamesh, there are many instances in which dreams are used in order to show a preliminary series of events that are bound to take place. The first dream that is mentioned is when Gilgamesh tells his mother of the dream where he sees a shooting star that falls to the Earth. Gilgamesh’s mother interprets the dream and tells him that a companion is going to protect him and he will love him as his wife. “It means that a strong partner shall come to you,/one who can save the life of a friend,/He will be the most powerful in strength of arms in the land,/His strength will be as great as that of a shooting star of Anu,/You will love him as a wife, you will dote upon him.” (Damrosch 37). This first dream is followed by a second in which Gilgamesh tells his mother of a copper axe. The meaning of this dream was that Enkidu was going to be sent by the gods to be Gilgamesh’s ally. Gilgamesh and Enkidu enter the Cedar Forest at the end of Tablet III and make an offering to the gods in the beginning of Tablet IV where Gilgamesh asks the gods to send him a dream multiple times. “Gilgamesh went up on to the mountain./And made his offering to :/”O mountain, bring me a dream, a favorable one!”” (Damrosch 43). Enkidu translates the dreams to Gilgamesh, while waiting on the word of Shamash, explaining that they will be able to go into the Cedar Forest and slay Humbaba, the keeper of the Cedar Forest, “whose shout is the flood-weapon, whose utterance is Fire, and/whose breath is Death,” (Damrosch 39). Tablet XI includes the flood narrative, where Gilgamesh speaks to Utnapishtim, in which the gods instructed Utnapishtim in a dream to construct a boat and fill it with every living thing so that he will be able to survive the flood. Utnapishtim obeyed the words of Ea that were spoken to him in his dream and the flood that was promised indeed transpired. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, dreams are used as means of conversation between the gods and man. The many dreams Gilgamesh has serve as a premonition and turn out to be definite in most cases. In The Epic of Gilgamesh, women are portrayed as tools to help guide Gilgamesh and Enkidu. Shamhat, a harlot, transforms Enkidu from a primitive being to a civilized man. Enkidu is told to go to Shamhat where he then sleeps with her for six days and seven nights. After his time with her, Enkidu finds that “he could not run as before./Yet he had acquired judgement, had become wiser.” (Damrosch 35). Shamhat helped Enkidu come from a primitive way of life into a more enlightened one so that he and Gilgamesh could become companions on their journey. Siduri is introduced in Tablet X to guide Gilgamesh to Utnapishtim. Siduri does not believe Gilgamesh when he first tells her that he has stayed Humbaba and crossed the Cedar Forest. She then closes the door and locks it with a bolt. Gilgamesh has to explain himself to her as she doubts his story, “”If you are truly Gilgamesh, that struck down the Guardian,” (Damrosch 62). Siduri can be seen as a key to Gilgamesh’s search for Utnapishtim and one that doubts the hero. When Gilgamesh defeats Humbaba in the Cedar Forest, Ishtar, a goddess, descends to the Earth to speak to Gilgamesh. She offers to give Gilgamesh her hand in marriage and to make him wealthy, but he does not accept her offering. This conversation with Ishtar shows the maturity and spiritual growth that Gilgamesh has acquired by not accepting her offer of a life much different than the one he lives. “And how about me? You will love me then treat me just like them!” (Damrosch 50). The portrayal of women in The Epic of Gilgamesh concludes that women are instruments used to develop Gilgamesh and Enkidu into more spiritual beings and wise, civilized men. The creation stories feature the creation of man and how sin is brought into the world which is known as “the fall of man”. In the natural world today, especially in wealthy nations, humans tend to have a desire for more than what they have. When God made Adam and Eve, a serpent tempted Eve to take the forbidden fruit and give it to Adam to eat. God gave Adam and Eve everything they needed in the garden to survive, yet the one fruit they were instructed not to eat from, they were tempted to want. God then punished mankind from that moment and sin was brought into the world. “And to the human he said, “Because you listened to the voice of your wife and ate from the tree that I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat from it,'” (Damrosch 77). In the natural world, humans seem to believe what they have been given is not enough. In America specifically, bigger and better is often sought after. The feelings of your spouse not being “good enough” and lust for someone else, the “need” for a better, faster car, and the newest and best smart phone are a few common thoughts many Americans share as a whole. God has blessed us like he blessed Adam and Eve with what we have, yet in some cases, does not seem like enough. “And the Lord God made skin coats for the human and his woman, and He clothed them.” (Damrosch 78). In Metamorphoses, people had grown somewhat evil with “fraud, deceit, and trickery” (Kline 125-150). The gods had shown anger toward the humans and ultimately threaten them with destruction. This viewpoint shows that after the gods had provided mankind with everything they needed, they had grown uneasy with what they already had. Without the fall of man, life as we know it would not be the same. As humans we are challenged to be grateful with what God has given us and not lust over what our neighbor has which we can attribute to a crucial component of the creation stories. Works CitedDamrosch, David, et al., editors. Gateways to World Literature, Volume 1. The Ancient World through the Early Modern Period. Boston: Pearson Education, 2012. Print.Kline, A.S. “Metamorphoses Book 1 (A.S. Kline’s Version).” Metamorphoses (Kline) 1, the Ovid Collection, Univ. of Virginia E-Text Center, ovid.lib.virginia.edu/trans/Metamorph.htm#488381099.