“Ends are defined as the strategic results or the terminal states desired. Wayss are defined as the methods. tactics and processs. patterns. and schemes to accomplish the terminals. Meanss are defined as the resources required to accomplish the terminals. such as military personnels. arms systems. money. political will and clip. ” MG Dennis J. Laich. USAR. Retired President Obama stated in the 2010 National Security Strategy that his disposal “has no greater duty than the safety and security of the American people” ( Obama. 2010. 4 ) .
In order to successfully safeguard and procure America. the disposal must hold clear foreign policy defining how it will cover with the assorted provinces across the Earth that pose possible menaces to America. One of these is North Korea. The US policy ends this essay will concentrate on are denuclearization and the betterment of North Korea’s human rights record. The Obama Administration inherited a hard state of affairs with respect to North Korea’s continued efforts to progress its atomic arms plan.
The terminals of US policy sing North Korea’s atomic arms plan is successful denuclearization of the Korean peninsula ( Obama. 2010. 23 ) . President Obama stated in his 2010 National Security Strategy. “if they [ North Korea ] ignore their international duties. we will prosecute multiple agencies to increase their isolation and convey them into compliance” ( Ibid. 24 ) . During his first term. President Obama chose to go on the Bush Administration’s policy of direct. bilateral diplomatic negotiations in attempt to cut down North Korea’s atomic menace ( Klingner. 2009. 1 ) .
This attempt included enforcement of bing countenances. enlargement of the Proliferation Security Initiative and demanding North Korean conformity with U. N. Security Council declarations sing the disintegration of Pyongyang’s atomic plan ( Ibid ) . The US continues to utilize U. N. countenances and diplomatic attempt to cut down the atomic menace North Korea nowadayss. However. US policy does non concentrate entirely on the denuclearization of North Korea. It besides addresses other issues North Korea brings to the international phase such as human rights misdemeanors posed on the international forepart every bit good.
Nonproliferation of atomic arms is normally considered the chief focal point of US policy towards North Korea ; nevertheless. issues such as North Korea’s illicit activities and human rights misdemeanors are besides of concern ( Chanlett-Avery. 2011 ) . The scheme of the Obama Administration is to act upon North Korea to better its human rights record through international force per unit area and direct support via the North Korean Human Rights Act ( Ibid. 13 ) . The North Korean Human Rights Act ( NKHRA ) authorizes financess to back up human rights attempts in North Korea and better the flow of information to and from the state.
It besides requires the President to name a Particular Envoy on human rights in North Korea. Additionally. it allows for North Koreans to use for refuge in the United States ( Ibid. 14 ) . As of 2011. comparatively few North Korean refugees live in the US. but the plan continues to “facilitate the unhampered airing of information in North Korea” through Korean linguistic communication wireless broadcasts funded through the NKHRA’s $ 2M one-year budget ( Ibid ) . The ways and agencies of US policy towards North Korea require dedication. diligence and comprehensive confrontation utilizing a combination of all instruments of national power ( Ibid. 9 ) .
Nuclear proliferation may be the chief issue between the US and North Korea. but it is non the lone 1. The US is besides engaged with North Korea in attempt to better Pyongyang’s human rights record and better the manner the North Korean authorities treats its public. US policy toward North Korea has proven to be similar to covering with an obstinate. attending seeking kid and will necessitate forbearance and willingness to utilize all instruments of power should at that place be no other option.