is a feeling that arises from a person, thing or experience. These are your
subjective experiences based on your perspective and are unique to every
individual. Only since the 19th century, the word “emotion” has been termed as
a psychological category and a subject for efficient enquiry. Earlier,
significant mental states were categorized variously as “appetites,”
“passions,” “affections,” or “sentiments.” The existing of the word “emotion”
has been in English since the 17th century, which was originally translated
from a French word ‘émotion’, meaning a physical disturbance. This came into
much broader use by the 18th-century English, under the influence of two
Scottish philosopher-physicians, Thomas Brown and Charles Bell for mental
experiences which later became a well-developed term in the following century.
The definition of this new theoretical term in mental science was ascribed by
Professor Thomas Brown. “The exact meaning of the term emotion, is difficult to
state in any form of words” Brown told his students; ever since this, it has
remained the same. To offer a definition of the word “emotion”, Brown tried to
go a little further in this: “Perhaps, if any definition of them be possible,
they may be defined to be vivid feelings, arising immediately from the
consideration of objects, perceived, or remembered, or imagined, or from other
prior emotions.” (Brown, 2010)
term emotion is commonly used in our day to day life. According to American
Association, Emotion is defined as “A complex pattern of changes, including
physiological arousal, feelings, cognitive processes, and behavioral reactions,
made in response to a situation perceived to be personally significant”. The
combination of these appraisals together are called the components of emotions.
Through our experiences, backgrounds, and cultures we learned these appraisals.
This means that people who even have similar circumstances may face different
explain the nature of emotions, we have two main scientific approaches.
According to the cognitive appraisal theory, “emotions are judgments about the
extent that the current situation meets your goals.” On the other hand, William
James and others have argued that “emotions are perceptions of changes in your
body such as heart rate, breathing rate, perspiration, and hormone levels.” The
problem with this concept is that physical states do not seem to be as finely
changed as the many different types of emotional states. However there is
definitely some connection between emotions and physiological changes. There is
a clear distinction frequently made between ‘mind’ and ‘body’. But they are not
considered as a separate thought when considering mental health and physical
health. Poor physiological health can lead to the risk of mental health
problems. In the same way, poor mental health can have a negative impact on
physiological health of an individual which led to an increased risk of
physical health conditions.
physical health and mental health are the most discussed areas in our society
yet we forget to ponder on the importance of emotional health. Our emotions are
the main aspect by which we relate and connect with our physical surrounding.
When we talk about mental health issues, we are not just concerned about the
way we think but also how we feel and the way that our emotions influence us.
We all understand that when we feel helpless or emotionally unstable, it also
affects our physical health. In order to have a healthy mind, we need to have a
healthy emotional state which plays a vital role in influencing our physical
health and wellbeing. So both our psychological wellbeing and physical health
depend upon our emotional state. They are supported by our emotional wellbeing.
to the Mental Health foundation, emotional wellbeing is defined as “A positive
sense of wellbeing which enables an individual to be able to function in
society and meet the demands of everyday life; people in good mental health
have the ability to recover effectively from illness, change or
individual with emotional capacity know their feelings, well and are in control
of them; they can read other people’s feelings and deal with them effectively.
These individuals have an advantages over other in all aspects of life, be it
professional or personal.
The contemporary attempt to
conceptualize the notion of intelligence has given birth to different theories.
Hence, topic such as practical intelligence, social intelligence, spiritual
intelligence and emotional intelligence have ignited the fire of pursuit of
rejuvenating the concept of intelligence throughout the realm of psychologist.
Mostly, the emotion have been studied through the diversified resources to
assure the significance of emotional intelligence effectively.
intelligence (EI) which refers to “the ability to perceive accurately,
appraise, and express emotion; the ability to access and/or generate feelings
when they facilitate thought; the ability to understand emotion and emotional
knowledge; and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and
intellectual growth” (Mayer and Salovey 1997)
customary explanation of intelligence have always focused on the thinking
facets like problem solving and memory, but the 1900’s is marked by the rise in
the recognition of the significance of non-cognitive characteristics by
numerous prominent researchers in the domain of intelligence.
theory of practical intelligence of Aristotle has similarities with EI, but
when he talked about this theory there was no facility of testing it
psychologically. (Tinger & Tinger, 2000). Therefore, Psychologists are not
content with the implied resemblances and variances among practical
intelligence and emotional intelligence. EI focuses on cognitive reasoning
where as practical intelligence focuses on numerous abilities of handling