Effect of Eating Disorder to Teenagers Did you ever notice you had an eating disorder because you were much too concerned about your weight and body shape? Or do you know someone who has extreme and unhealthy eating practices in the quest to attain a perfect body? Nowadays many teens are concerned about how they look and can feel self-conscious about their bodies. This can be especially true when they undergo puberty, dramatic physical changes and face new social pressures.
Teens don’t know or believe that there could be any real long-term effects of eating disorder on their bodies and the fact that they are still young, teens think that they are invincible and overcome all the consequences of not eating properly. In our country, eating disorder is not yet a major problem but we shouldn’t wait for it to be a one. As early as today we should prevent it by helping, guiding and giving some tips to everyone who is experiencing this kind of disorder especially the teens that have lack of information about the effects of it in the near future.
Everyone should be aware about eating disorders regardless of culture, economic status, gender, and health status to be able to prevent further mental, emotional and physical disturbances. Unfortunately, many kids and teens successfully hide eating disorders from their families for months or even years. Eating disorders involve self-critical, negative thoughts and feelings about body weight and food, and eating habits that disrupt normal body function and daily activities.
Some of the most common forms of eating disorder are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. It is common in the United States because as we can see most of them if not super slim they are very fat or obese. According to a study published in Behavior Modification, body weight, binge eating, compensatory behavior, too much concern with shape and weight, dietary restraint, body image disturbance, affective disturbance are all domains of interest common to those with eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.
Anorexia nervosa, or commonly known as anorexia, is one type of eating disorder and also a psychological disorder which is a condition that goes beyond concern about obesity or out-of-control dieting. A person with anorexia often initially begins dieting to lose weight. Over time, the weight loss becomes a sign of mastery and control. The drive to become thinner is actually secondary to concerns about control and/or fears relating to one’s body. Most of the time they don’t eat carbohydrates especially rice. Approximately 95% of those affected by anorexia are female, most often teenage girls, but males can develop the disorder as well.
Many experts consider people for whom thinness is especially desirable, or a professional requirement such as athletes, models, dancers, and actors, to be at risk for eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. While Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating, followed by frantic efforts to avoid gaining weight. When you’re struggling with bulimia, life is a constant battle between the desires to lose weight or stay thin and the overwhelming compulsion to binge eat. No one knows exactly what causes anorexia.
Medical experts agree that several factors work together in a complex fashion to lead to the eating disorder. These may include: * Severe trauma or emotional stress (such as the death of a loved one or sexual abuse) during puberty. * Abnormalities in brain chemistry. Serotonin, a brain chemical that’s involved in depression, may play a role * A cultural environment that puts a high value on thin or lean bodies. * A tendency toward perfectionism, fear of being ridiculed or humiliated, a desire to always be perceived as being “good. ” A belief that being perfect is necessary in order to be loved. * Family history of anorexia.
About one-fifth of those with anorexia have a relative with an eating disorder. On the other hand, Bulimia is a complex emotional issue. In most cases, people suffering with bulimia have trouble managing emotions in a healthy way. Eating can be an emotional release so it’s not surprising that people binge and purge when feeling angry, depressed, stressed, or anxious. Major causes and risk factors for bulimia include: * Poor body image: Our culture’s emphasis on thinness and beauty can lead to body dissatisfaction, particularly in young women bombarded with media images of an unrealistic physical ideal. Low self-esteem: People who think of themselves as useless, worthless, and unattractive are at risk for bulimia. Things that can contribute to low self-esteem include depression, perfectionism, childhood abuse, and a critical home environment. * History of trauma or abuse: Women with bulimia appear to have a higher incidence of sexual abuse. * Major life changes: Bulimia is often triggered by stressful changes or transitions, such as the physical changes of puberty, going away to college, or the breakup of a relationship. Binging and purging may be a negative way o cope with the stress. * Appearance-oriented professions or activities: People who face tremendous image pressure are vulnerable to developing bulimia. Those at risk include ballet dancers, models, gymnasts, wrestlers, runners, and actors. I read one story about a girl who experienced bulimia nervosa her name is Amy. Amy is on a liquid diet. “I’m going to stick with it,” she tells herself. “I won’t give in to the cravings this time. ” But as the day goes on, Amy’s willpower weakens. All she can think about is food. Finally, she decides to give in to the urge to binge.
She can’t control herself any longer. She grabs a pint of ice cream out of the freezer, inhaling it within a matter of minutes. Then it’s on to anything else she can find in the kitchen. After 45 minutes of overeating, Amy is so stuffed that her stomach feels like it’s going to burst. She’s disgusted with herself and terrified by the thousands of calories she consumed. She runs to the bathroom to throw up. Afterwards, she steps on the scale to make sure she hasn’t gained any weight. She vows to start her diet again tomorrow and will eat properly.
Eating disorders are serious clinical problems that require professional treatment by doctors, therapists, and nutritionists. It is really hard to live a normal life if you have eating disorder because it can affect your everyday activities and worst your future. Therefore we should help people who suffer from this disorder. If we suspect someone has eating disorder it is important to help them to be diagnosed. Let us be loving, supportive, and non-threatening so that they will feel comfortable and relaxed. Let us also discourage them to have a model like body instead we should convince them that it is better to be healthy and fit