East-West Encounter in Kamala Markandaya’s Possession Sample Essay

Womans Novelists in Indian Fiction in English occupy esteemed place. Kamala Markandaya and Anita Desai occupies a outstanding topographic point among them. Many Women Novelists Wrote on the subject of East-west brush. Kamala Markandaya and Anita Desai besides wrote on this subject in their novels Possession and Bye-Bye Blackbird. The subject of East-west brush refers to the struggles and rapprochement of two civilizations.

Kamala Markandaya was born in India. so she has cognition of the life of hapless provincials. After her matrimony to an Englishman. she settled in England. So she has cognition of her jobs of the non-whites in England. All these facts of life have been boldly depicted by her in her novels without any hyperbole. She hightights the drawbacks and the qualities of both the East and the West. She has tried to show the East in serious struggle with the West. But she plays the function of a impersonal perceiver in her novels.

In her fresh ownership. she presents the ageless struggle between the Indian spiritualism and the western philistinism. Caroline. a immature British widow. comes to see India. She meets a 14 twelvemonth old male child. valmiki. He is a painter in a south Indian small town. He is hapless and he paints on the bouldery walls of the caves near his small town. When Caroline discovers his otiose. uncared for endowment. she instantly makes up her head to take him to London or Paris. Then she approaches his parents. they ab initio refuse to save their boy. But Caroline offered five 1000 rupees as a compensation for the male child. Due to fiscal jobs in the household they accepted to direct valmiki with Caroline.

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Inspite of being trained in the metropolitan manner. val feels himself as a lasting foreigner in London. But he was attracted to Caroline’s comfortable stuff to him. He wholly surrenders himself to her caprices and passions. He merely follows the classs and the programmes framed by Caroline. All his inborn accomplishment has been commercialized. He feels incomfort in that mercenary universe of richness. All the name and celebrity he earns is merely to enrich Caroline and fulfill her mundane desires. Val complains:

She does non care for me. She cares merely for what Ican do and if I do it well it is like one more diamond she can set on the necklace round her pharynx for her friends to look up to. but when I do nil. I am nil to her. no more than a little insect in a little Crane in the land.

In fact. Caroline has given him freedom from privation and poorness. but she stiflies his self-generated activities by demanding returns. He has no contact with his household. With Caroline’s capturing power he feels uprooted from his dirt. In order to possess Valmiki wholly. Caroline adopts the manner of hammering letters in the name of swamy to press Val to get down picture. Finally. Val realizes Caroline’s selfish motivations of aggressive ownership. and he returns to his native Indian small town. with an acute consciousness of the shoal worldly glorification based on money. power. celebrity. sex and travel. He seems to recognize that art is a self-generated experience. non a commercial trade.

Markandaya explores the religious values of the Indian civilization which are so deep rooted in Val. So he succeeds in emancipating himself from the Caroline. Markandaya besides wants to stress the fact that the British swayers exploited the artlessness of the Indians and tried to possess them both physically and mentally but finally they failed and had to discontinue India. Markandaya tries to convey the position that dealingss between England and India are strained because of the religious and the political grounds. Caroline can non recognize that the Indians ethos in which the Swamy lives and promotes religious waking up in the natural habitation and back land for Natural prodigy Valmiki. She besides expresses the position that the East should follow the good qualities of the West. but should non let the West to overmaster its psyche.

Anita Desai was besides born in India. She had her instruction in Delhi. She was married to Ashvin Desai. She has lived in metropolitan metropoliss like Calcutta. Bombay. Delhi. Poona and chandigarh. Desai’s 3rd fresh Bye-bye. blackbird. is about the predicament of Indian immigrants in London. The subject of East-west brush refers to the struggles and rapprochement of two civilizations. India versus England brush is East-west Concord and strife in her fresh Bye-bye blackbird. captivation for the West is demonstrated in this novel through two Indians. Adit and Dev. Fascination for the East is illustrated through Sarah and Emma.

The predicament of immigrants is highlighted in a BBC black and white telecasting movie. the movie shows a Pakistani fitter standing on a cold forenoon in a waiting line for a occupation in a smoke mill. ”gazing about him expressionlessly before traveling to his tools and raising them. one by one. with probationary and curiously delicate motions. like those of a pilgrim thumbing his saint’s sanctum relics. ” Desai highlights the physical and psychological jobs of Indian immigrants and explores the accommodation troubles they face in England. Covering with the East-west brushs. blackbird in the rubric is none other than the immigrant to whom London says good pass. The writer has denoted Indians as New world blackbirds and exposed the societal disparity and favoritism that prevails in England.

The novel is divided into three parts-Arrival. Discovery and acknowledgment and Departure. The first portion trades with the Indian mind of the new immigrant Dev and his accommodation jobs in the wholly new and foreign environment of London. Dev had read extensively about England. “the land of aureate opportunities” when he arrives in London to analyze at the London school of economic sciences. he doesn’t happen the chances of his reading in the books. In London he stays with a friend of his Calcutta yearss. Adit who is married to an English adult female. Sarah.

Dev learns on his first forenoon there is that one has to make one’s work. get downing with fixing one’s ain tea. He takes in the sights and scenes of London and recognizes a typical English saloon which he insists on sing on his first twenty-four hours in London. The high street reminds him of the promenades in the Indian hill Stationss like simla. mussoorie and Darjeeling the bazars in India. London for him is a cold. ”dead unalive” metropolis unlike Indian metropoliss. The English are tight lipped. cold and formal unlike the gregarious and out traveling Indians back place.

Adit understands good the line of rapprochement between these two different cultures- the eastern and the western. He knows their natures and background. “It was the thaumaturgy of England-her grace. her peace. her copiousness and traditions and susceptibleness of the Indian head to these elements trained and prepared to understand and appreciate these really qualities. ” Sarah has married an Indian and she finds a small rickety among white adult females to get married an Indian. Anita Desai has presented a beautiful analysis of both the Indian and English pique. The English people have co-ordinated everything to clip. but it appears humdrum and mechanical to the Indian head.

The 3rd subdivision of Bye-bye blackbird is the narrative of return to place with married woman after escapades abroad. Adit is happy to return. The Indo-pak war awakens the national sentiments in Adit and he makes attempts to raise financess to back up Indian authorities cognizing it that the war may stop shortly. His love for the fatherland additions and he decides to return to India. Dev feels alienated in London from both Indians and Englishmen. The Englishmen see him as foreigner. He can non make as Indians do at that place in England. He does non appreciate “this concern of ever hanging together with people like ourselves. all have oning the label Indian Immigrants. ne’er make bolding to seek and do contact outside this circle. ” Dev had earlier realized that he was an foreigner to England.

Anita Desai strikes a balance between the East and the West. the colonial yesteryear and the democratic nowadays. though it is hard to determine its genuineness. This novel achieved a thematic triumph on the bases of equality. self-respect and love for world which leads to the East-west Concord.

Both kamala Markandaya and Anita Desai are modern-day Indian authors. The subject in their novels ownership and Bye-bye blackbird is East-west brush. Both the authors took London as western civilization to compare with Indian civilization. Both the novels trades with the jobs faced by Indians in England. Both authors introduced British adult females as lover’s to Indian male childs viz. Ellie for Val and Sarah for Adit. Both authors play the function of a impersonal perceiver in their novels.

Kamala Markandaya wrote the jobs faced by a hapless Indian small town male child in London in her fresh ownership. while Anita Desai wrote the jobs faced by all immigrants from India and Pakistan in London. Anita Desai introduced Adit to the English adult female Sarah as his married woman and depict how British adult females excessively love Indian civilization and would return with her hubby to India.


1. Kamala Markandaya’s ownership published by penguin Books India. 2010. 2. Anita Desai’s Bye-Bye Blackbird published by Orient paper-back books. 2006 ( A division of Vision Books Pvt. Ltd. )


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