Drinking Tap-water is better than Bottled Water Bottled water is simply water from some sources that a company has placed in a bottle for resale. It can have minimal processing – as in natural spring or mineral water, or it can be completely filtered and dematerialized which is to remove minerals in the water to nearly pure, and then added minerals back into the water to make it taste better. In these days, “we drink 15 times more bottled water today than we did in 1976.
According to the NRDC (National Resources Defense Council), “more than half of all Americans drink bottled water, and there are more than one-third of the population drinks it regularly”. And we pay big bucks for it, too – over $15 billion a year” (Buddha, pg1-2). The consumption of bottled water is growing at 10 percent a year, faster than any other beverage. Since the bottled water is considered as food which is regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration, most people feel bottled water is purer than tap-water. There are many different elements that can be advantage or disadvantage of bottled water.
This information which is advantages and disadvantages of bottled water can be useful whether you want to buy or not. The advantages of bottled water are not as many as its disadvantages. However, people are persuaded to buy bottled water by those alluring advertisements. There are some big advantages of bottled water. Firstly, it is easy to take with you on a journey. Nowadays, many people will rather have something that is portable for convenience sake; and as we can see from many advertisements, bottled water now comes in much smaller size.
Not only that, the health benefits of water have been used by many companies to promote their sales because it is true that water benefits living things in many aspects. Along with that point, bottled water is an excellent source of clean water for drinking outside the house. Moreover, bottled water can be an emergency source of water in the event where the primary source of water is disrupted or becomes contaminated, for example, you might want to drink bottled water when you travel to the country such as Africa that does not have clean water resources.
Because the local tap water might be contaminated with things such as bacteria or even bugs which can possibly make you ill especially when you are not used to tap water. One other advantage is using extra step to produce purified bottled water which deliver peace of mind for drinker. In addition, many people consider bottled water to have better taste. It does not contain chlorine, but on some bottled waters, a mixture of minerals is added to enhance flavor. People also find that the chemical free, oxygen infused taste of purified bottled water is simply better than tap and other bottled water (Stout, 2008).
Lastly, the bottled water gives us less “guesswork” because the person who is going to drink it know that bottled water is a clean water that has been purified many times. There is a fact that the public water can often be risky to drink for the reason of contamination of the delivery systems and the potential backflow. People are never sure whether or not the water they are getting is clean, contamination of water sometimes happens and it may lead to some diseases such as poisoning. This can happen because water surges push out dirt and debris from old pipes, or it might be due to the pollution of the resources.
So at least, when you have bottled water on hand, you won’t be without a drink if there is no drinkable tap water (Stout, 2008). How safe is the bottled water: The bottled water industry would like the public to believe that bottled water is purer and safer than tap water and water is produced by careful treatment methods. Most bottled water appears to be safe. And the fact is bottled water is the same the tap water. The contaminated bottled water can cause cholera epidemics especially for people with weak immune systems; even though it does not happen often.
The quality of bottled water is determined by the bottling company, and not every company produces good quality water. Furthermore, high quality home water treatment methods usually can produce better quality water than bottled water. So there is no need to buy bottled water since the tap water is cleaner and safer than bottled water on some occasions. Furthermore, this method is cheaper than bottled water. On the other hand, the biggest disadvantage of bottled water is that it is not good for the earth which is the environment. According to pacific Institute’s fact: Manufacturing the 30+ billion plastic water bottles we bought in 2006: Required the equivalent of more than 17 million barrels of oil – enough to fuel more than one million vehicles for a year. • Produced more than 2. 5 million tons of carbon dioxide. • Used three times than amount of water in the bottle. And these numbers do not include transporting the bottles. Nearly 25% of bottled water crosses national borders before reaching consumers. Adding in transportation, the energy used comes to over 50 million barrels of oil equivalent –enough to run 3 million cars for a year (Buddha, pg 2). According to Sarah, “86 percent of plastic water bottles used in the United States become garbage or litter.
Also, Water bottles buried in landfills can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade. The bottles leak toxic additives, such as phthalates, into the ground water” (Joe, pg 1). Also, every year 1. 5 million tons of plastic are used to make the bottle for bottled water and toxic chemicals can be released during the manufacture and disposal process of the bottles. It means that chemicals are typically used to disinfect water that may give unpredictable reaction to certain substances because companies add their own substances as well as adding their own potentially dangerous element as well.
Next, the cost of the bottled water is way higher than tap water. The bottled water costs anywhere from $0. 25 per gallon for water from a vending machine to $0. 50 for generic water jugs that is available for purchase in a store to $1. 00-$1. 50, the price will be much higher per gallon if a person would like to have the water delivered to their home, for example, if you buy 10 gallons of bottled water a week, you are going to spend $260 (at $. 50/gal), $520 (at $1. 00/gal), $780 (at $1. 50/gal), or more every year (Buddha, 2008).
On the other hand, Tap water delivered to homes for about $0. 002 per gallon (Buddha, 2008). Compare to those two facts, the bottled water cost more than 1000 times higher than tap water. Another thing that we need to know about bottled water is that using bottled water requires moving and storing jugs or bottles of water. The weight of water is eight pounds per gallon, or about 40 pounds per five gallon bottle. It does not seem to be heavy; however bottled water can require a big space to keep them. Fourthly, bottled water can be recycled, but we do not usually do it.
According to Cruz, “Less than 20 percent of the 28 billion single-serving water bottles that Americans buy each year are recycled. Some estimates are as low as 12 percent. ” Even more, Rep. Edward Markey brought in about a national bottle bill to address global warming that includes water bottles (Joe, pg 3). As the statistic showed it, people think that we can recycle the bottles but it has not been working well. The last disadvantage of bottled water is that bottled water is not better than tap. According to Reuters, 25% of bottled water is actually repackaged tap water. Bottled water does not deserve the nutritional halo that most people give it for being pure, also if you are not an exclusive bottled water drinker, you may find it worthwhile to check into filtering your tap water to save money” (Leone, pg 1). Moreover, 22% of the bottles had man-made chemicals, bacteria and arsenic from experiments which using 1,000 bottles of 103 different brands of bottled water. As we mentioned about the advantages and disadvantages of bottled water, we cannot really state that bottled water is good or not. Of course, everyone has different point of views and preferences.
However, we believe this information will help people to consider before deciding to purchase it. Nowadays, many people choose to drink bottled water instead of tap water. Most of the reasons that they choose the bottle water over tap water are that it tastes better and it is more convenient. Most of them didn’t know as to whether the bottled water is good for their health or not. According to the Charles E. Ophardt, he showed the founding of chemical in the tap water in 1990, there were 97 chemicals potentially cause cancers, 82 chemicals that can cause mutations, 28 chemicals are toxic.
The standard of water has changed a lot in the present. “By 1995, the EPA is required by Congress to set new standards for 108 drinking water contaminants” (OPhardt, 2004). Tap water is found in the lake, reservoir, river, and then it is pumped to a treatment plant where the first step of adding chlorine to kill bacteria is taken. The second step involves the adding of alum (aluminum sulfate) to clot organic particles, the third step is putting the water into a settling basin to let the precipitate sink to the bottom, then a sand filters is used to filter it.
The fifth is doing the test to control the ph value of it to test the acidity. Sometimes lime will be added to the water if the ph value is too low, and the last step is putting the water into a storage reservoir until users can use it. Some research said the chlorine will cause cancer when it is in the human body. As mentioned by Ophardt, “However, if the bacteria are not killed, a person has a greater chance of dying from water borne diseases” (OPhardt, 2004). One of the main reasons why people choose bottled water is that many people claimed that it has a better taste in comparison with tap water.
The manufactures added many different kinds of chemicals that make it seem and tastes better. Here are the chemicals inside the bottled water as quoted from Melanie. C: Aluminum (Al) Hydrogen carbonate (HCO3-) Iodine (I) Iron (Fe++) Lithium (Li+) Bromine (Br-) Magnesium (Mg++) Arsenic (As) Manganese (Mn+) Borondioxyde (BO2-) Nitrate (NO3-) Calcium (Ca++) Potassium (K+) Chloride (Cl-)
Rubidium (Rb) Cobalt (Co) Silica (SiO2) Carbondioxyde (CO2) Sodium (Na+) Chromium (Cr-) Strontium (Sr++) Copper (Cu++) Sulphate (SO4–) Fluoride (F-) Zinc (Zn++) Germanium (Ge) (Melanie, 2008) The main chemical that most probably makes the tap water does not taste as good as bottled water is because of the chlorine. Chlorine’s main usage is to kill gems in the water. If the water was not disinfected by it, water would contain many bacteria and germs.
However, the bottled water is not as safe as we think because as what had been mentioned by Ophardt, the human will be harmed by the bacteria and germ (Ophardt,2004). The chemicals that are put into the bottled water are not regulated by FDA or any agencies, therefore the customers are not protected. The manufacturers will add many more chemicals into the water to make it taste better. Also, the chemicals found in the tap water can be found in the bottled water too. From what have been discussed above, it implies that bottled water is not necessarily safer or tastier to drink.
In fact, it may cause pollution to the environment and it can cost more in the long run. Works Cited Page “Bottled Water. ” Multi-Pure Drinking Water Systems. 1974. Multi-Pure Corporation. 12th Mar 2009 . Buddha, Basnyat. “Water Treatment Methods. ” high altitude medicine guide. 31 Aug. 1999. Emergency & Wilderness Medicine. 12th Mar 2009 . D, Jenny. “What is water? ” H2O facts. DreamWeaver and Adobe Photoshop Elements. 12th Mar 2009 . Joe, Gelt. ” Consumers Increasingly Use Bottled Water, Home Water Treatment Systems to Avoid Direct Tap Water. Water resources research center. 2003. The University of Arizona. 12th Mar 2009 . Leone, Vikki. “Danger: bottlenecks looming. ” the education age. 4 May 2006. The Age Company Ltd. 13th Mar 2009 . Melanie, C”Advantages of Bottled Water. ” IdeaMarketers. IdeaMarketers. 13th Mar 2009 . OPhardt, Charles E. “WHICH TYPE OF WATER IS THE SAFEST TO DRINK? MUNICIPAL TAP WATER OR BOTTLED WATER. ” Issue 5A. 2004. 13th Mar 2009 . Stout, Jon. “The Many Advantages Of Purified Bottled Water. ” EzineArticles. 2008. EzineArticles. 13th Mar 2009 .