The Chunk- tug is one whom is “bound by a particular code of morals and manners” and relates to ones “superiority of character and behavior” (34). I will be discussing the many aspects to becoming the Chunk-tug; As well as tying in the other main concepts of Chunk-;u being that they follow the Tao (way), have et (moral character) and embody jean (goodness). The Chunk-tug must not display violent or arrogant tendencies. And must also be sincere in his activities.
Master These stressed that over ritual, inner sincerity is more important, ‘ ‘There are three things that a gentleman, in following the Way, places above all the rest: from every attitude, every gesture that he employs he must remove all trace of violence or arrogance; very look that he composes in his face must betoken good faith; from every word that he utters, from every intonation, he must remove all trace of coarseness or impropriety’ (VIII, Being accountable for ones intentions and actions and leaving ritual matters to others seems to be the message for the Chunk-tug.
The Chunk-tug only associates with others whom are ‘superior’. The gentleman must attain the standard of jean not only for himself but for those he surrounds himself with, “He must learn to be faithful to his superiors, to keep promises, to refuse the friendship of all who are not like him” (l, 8. In the attempt to further build up his education, one will also admit when he has made a mistake concerning a ‘common’ man, always pursuing the best in oneself and promoting goodness. The Chunk-tug does not come across as superior and must not put others down as only ‘small men’ do this.
Learning how to build up his et or character “the gentleman calls attention to the good points in others; he does not call attention to their defects” (XII, 16. ). He also is cautious to speak about goodness as it is challenging and that “A gentleman is ashamed to let his rods outrun his deeds” (XIV, 29), rather that one should lead by actions instead of words. The Chunk-tug is beyond personal ambition and lives to build his character. The Chunk;tug views being humble as a high virtue where he does not do anything to be recognized and therefore is not resentful of not being recognized. He does not mind not being in office; all he minds about is whether he has qualities that entitle him to office. He does not mind failing to get recognition; he is too busy doing the things that entitle him to recognition” (IV, 14. ). Furthermore, the Chunk-tug always does which he lives is right and pays no mind to other matters whereas the ‘small man’ only concerns himself with the advantage he can gain, “A gentleman takes as much trouble to discover what is right as lesser men take to discover what will pay” (IV, 16. ).
The Chunk-tug lives in moderation and neither lacks nor exceeds, avoiding the extremes; Living by the saying that “to exceed is as bad as not to reach” (36). Also being virtuous and minding the golden mean whereas one should have loyalty or Chunk for superiors and consideration or Shush for others feelings by “never doing to others what you would not like them to do to you” XV, 23. ). Moreover tying in the concept of reciprocity which is discussed, where extending this respect Of virtues to one another would encourage more superior men.
To conclude, considering the many translations and meanings of the Chunk- tug, Tao, jean and et, it is clear that the Chunk-tug is one of Confucius main ideals and helps represent who Confucius holistically is as a philosopher. The complete concept represented by being virtuous, with one not needing external affirmation or expecting others to serve their ego as well as having a highly refined moral code.
Clarifying that the Chunk-tug does not need to seek the way as their embodiment of inner development and contentment comes first and the Tao is the natural result; So as to say that one whom is seeking to follow the Tao is already lost, whereas the gentleman’s character must be self cultivated in moral jean or goodness to wholly involve the Confucius way. Ultimately integrating Tao, jean and et, the Chunk;tug “has no politics, but sides with the Right wherever he finds it” (35). Reference: Confucius, . , & In Wally, A. (1938). The Analects of Confucius. New York: Random House.