Compare and Contrast the Classical Civilizations of India and China Essay

The Xia Dynasty (2070 BC – 1600 BC) is the first dynasty in China to be described in ancient history. Yu was the founder of the Xia Dynasty and was successful in stopping devastating floods and increased the produce from farming, and the Xia tribe’s influence strengthened. The floods damaged the crops. The Shang dynasty had a fully developed system of writing. Dated back to 1500 BC, the early Shang dynasty produced a large-scale production of weapons.

This production required a large labor force that could handle the mining, refining, and transportation of the necessary copper and tin. Shang kings also functioned as the high priests of society, which included leading the divination ceremonies. Shang infantry were armed with mostly of stone and bronze weaponry, including spears, pole-axes, pole-based dagger-axes, composite bows, and bronze or leather helmets. The later Shang armies were concentrated on their chariots, which, as well as being efficient weapons of war.

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Tea and rice were very two key items for food in China. They ate oranges, lemons, peaches, apricots and so on. Their were two kinds of houses in China, poor houses an rich houses. The poor houses generally one room and made with mudbrick. The roof was made with thatch. Rich peoples houses were much bigger and had a high wall made of rammed earth all the way around them. No windows just one door, to keep the family safe. After you went through the first door you would see another short wall, which kept people from seeing into your courtyard, for privacy reasons.

If it was a very fancy house, their would be another story over looking the courtyard. The Indus Valley is one of the world’s earliest urban civilizations. At its peak, the Indus Civilization may have had a population of well over five million. Inhabitants of the ancient Indus river valley developed new techniques in handicraft and metallurgy such as copper, bronze, lead, and tin. The civilization is noted for its cities built of brick, roadside drainage system, and houses built with multiple stories. Trade is a key significance to India’s economy.

India may have been the first civilization to use wheeled transportation. 1According to Jonathan Kenoyer, there is a massive, dredged canal and what they regard as a docking facility at the coastal city of Lothal in western India. Others have claimed on occasion that the symbols were exclusively used for economic transactions, but this claim leaves unexplained the appearance of Indus symbols on many ritual objects, many of which were mass-produced in Moulds. The people used camels, oxen and elephants to travel over land.

They had carts with wooden wheels. They had ships, with one mast, probably used to sail around the Arabian Sea. Some particular dinner plates might have been warm tasty wheat bread served with barley or rice. They grew barley, peas, melons, wheat, and dates. Farms raised cotton and kept herds of sheep, pigs, cows, and water buffalo. Fish were caught in the river with the invention of fish hooks. Each town had a large central storage building for grain. Crops were grown, and the harvest stored centrally, for all to eat.


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