Can die, women start doing work for

Can you just imagine living in a world where racism is not only rampant, but legally forced. Racism stems that one race is more superior to the other which results in different ways people are treated. Alan Paton’s Cry the Beloved Country points out that in South Africa, racism is a very big problem. And it has become worse because of the segregation laws that are being implied in the biggest and most developed city of the country. In this novel, segregation is known as the separation of housing and opportunities people get based on their race. Cry the Beloved Country takes place during the time period where racism began to be a big issue in South Africa. The novel is set in pre apartheid time period. This novel shows that the black community is pushed towards the outskirts of Johannesburg where it is impossible for them to make a living. Housing becomes impossible for them to find. As housing is impossible for them to find, they are forced to live in temporary spaces by setting up tents or camps for themselves. This outskirt of the town is full of crime and sickness, which makes life more worse for the black community living there. Children die, women start doing work for men to earn money for their family, people commit crime in the seek of money, men are thrown in jail, increasing the resentment and poverty of the non-whites. Apartheid was the government’s policy of racial segregation between Europeans and non-Europeans in South Africa.  The main goal of the Apartheid was to create a difference between the Europeans and non – Europeans in most of the activities that took place in the city, such as in education, housing and employment. The first incident of racial divide that we see in the novel is when Stephen Kumalo takes a train from Ndotenshi to Johannesburg. Most of the Europeans have their own source of transport in the shape of cars. Therefore the trains and buses are filled with the non – Europeans also known as the black community of South Africa. But even though the Europeans have their own valuable source of transport, the train has been divided into 2 parts, Europeans and non-Europeans. The non-Europeans part is more crowded as very few black people can afford their own source of transport. The Europeans section in the train is considered to have more comfort compared to the non-Europeans section. The same can be said true for the facilities that are available in the city of Johannesburg. The workers in the gold mines build buildings, well equipped houses and a working hospital for the Europeans. Whereas in the black community, you will be lucky to find a roof above your head. Houses are not even close to what the city offers to the black community. There is a hospital where you can find people lying on the floor, so close to each other that it is like a mission to not step over them. The hospital has rarely any good resources to treat their patients well. The black families go to Sophiatown, because that is the only place where they are allowed to live. But upon reaching there, they find a long waiting list to get a house, in meantime 2 or more families rent a house where they start living together, and when they cannot afford to pay the rent they start living in temporary camps with the help of tents and other materials they find. The conditions in the city not only expose the black people to the difficult life in Johannesburg but also lack of resources lead majority of black men to get involved in crime.

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