After to top down approach, USAID began

After the disaster, the formulation of
urban reconstruction to build that would be safe from tsunamis started immediately.
The villagers of Aceh worked together to rebuild their city because 70 percent
of Banda Aceh destroyed by tsunami. BAPPENAS was placed in charge and
established an outline urban reconstruction plan, called the Blueprint, in
January 2005. The awareness to avoid more loss in the future advised to the
people in Banda Aceh if the tsunami will come again. In the Blueprint, the city
was divided into multiples zones, with the area within 2 km of the shoreline
named Buffer Zone and restricted area for housing. The concept for this zone
was basically followed in the report of Reconstruction Master Plan supported by
JICA and top down approached was taken for this Master plan planning process.
On the other hand, in response to the people’s request for early housing
construction, and in contrast to top down approach, USAID began to support the
formulation of a village plan, in May 2005 through a participatory and
bottom-up method undertaken in parallel with JICA’s master plan formulation
process called a community level reconstruction plan. The opinions of residents
who wished to stay in the same village were respected based on such community agreements;
approval was granted to rebuild residences in coastal areas. Many houses were
rebuilt in the zones designated as restricted areas on the Blueprint and
coastal area that had been flooded by the tsunami. In both the Blueprint and
the Master Plan that followed it, the concept for minimizing damage was to
restrict housing and economic activity in the areas that had been damaged in
the 2004 tsunami, minimizing the number of people in these areas. However,
after the Village Plan was accepted by BRR and housing reconstruction allowed
in the coastal areas, the concept had to be changed from regulating activity
through zoning to ensuring safety through disaster prevention measures. In
addition, as a model project, roads were improved to serve as part of an evacuation
route network, signs were installed, and four-story community buildings to
function as evacuation sites.

 

In conclusion, for the disaster
education, people far from the tsunami place advised must go to temporary place
if the tsunami came near their city. Next, people in Banda Aceh advised to
always watch weather forecast and alert about the disaster warning from meteorological
department. Lastly, the people must know to handle with first aid if injury
occurred and keep the first aid at the place that can remembered and get it
easily.

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