To What Extent is the Pattern of Population Distribution in Countries of the LEDW more linked to Physical Conditions than to Economic Conditions? On one hand the pattern of population distribution in the LEDW is linked to physical, rather than economic conditions.
These two conditions, however go hand in hand sometimes. For example in Nicaragua, recently there were huge hurricanes that swept across the countryside destroying thousands of homes and causing huge debts for the country. The people of Nicaragua had to relocate as their homes were no longer there, plus they didn’t have enough money to rebuild their lives properly.
However the situation in Nicaragua was a climatic condition not a physical one. I will now look at two countries in the LEDW that have both physical and economical factors that link to the pattern of population distribution.
In countries such as Brazil the rainforest is a huge physical feature that takes up almost two thirds of the country. So millions of people locate in and around Cities such as Rio de Janeiro, and Sao Paulo. This causes the infamous shanty towns or Favelas to spring up all around the cities. The people who have relocated to the Favelas also moved there because they believed the city to be an area where there were many jobs and the pay was good. Unfortunately they were wrong, however this means they moved because of physical and economical conditions.
In Egypt, the river Nile stretches the whole length of the country, and around 32,400 sq kilometers of land is irrigated by it. Roughly 97% of the population live along it, as it is the most habitable part of the country, seeing as 98% of the country is desert. There are only two large towns that aren’t situated on either Nile bank, or sea. These are Siwah and Al Kharijah.
I will now look at a country in the MEDW to show that both halves of the world can have the problems. This will also show that even though countries in the MEDW, are more economically advanced it is still the physical factors that affect the Pattern of Population Distribution.
In Japan, the populae locate on the very edge of the islands, not only because they are very mountainous, but because they are volcanically active. The percentage of the populae that are farmers want to live very close to the mountains because of economical reasons again. The soil is very fertile, so almost anything will grow.
The countries across the world in the LEDW may have economic issues, and they may not be able to cope in an area that doesn’t have good economic wealth, and the reason is due to physical factors as the two go hand in hand. This is because in an LEDC the main business is arable farming. So the farmer needs to be able to work the land, and so locates or relocates to an area of highly fertile soil or soil that is irrigated, like the Nile in Egypt.
In some countries the land may be completely workable, but there may be very strong pull factors to a certain area i.e. a city. This is completely different to the push factors that come with physical conditions, and is more frequent in the MEDW. This is because countries in the LEDW are below the Equator, excluding a few countries such as New Zealand, and Australia. The climate is a deciding factor for the population patterns in the LEDW, because it affects whether the ground will be desert or savannah etc.
So in conclusion the pattern of population distribution in countries of the LEDW is linked to both physical conditions and economic conditions. This is because, as I have found above, the two conditions go hand in hand in most countries of the LEDW. So the LEDW’s population pattern is dependent on both physical and economic conditions.